Vipera aspis hugyi : is the only subspecies of Vipera aspis present exclusively on the Italian territory. The head, basically triangular, is covered by small scales with the snout tip upturned. Annual reproduction, high average mass of reproductive females, and large size of neonates, compared with other northern or continental populations, are presumably due … This is a list of all genera, species and subspecies of the subfamily Viperinae, otherwise referred to as viperines, true vipers, pitless vipers or Old World vipers.It follows the taxonomy of McDiarmid et al. Overgrowing forest as a possible cause for the local extinction of Vipera aspis in the northern Swiss Jura mountains. As is often the case for other species, also Vipera aspis has a certain plasticity in the choice of the preys that form its diet. Vipera del meridione (Vipera aspis hugyi) La Vipera del meridione è un serpente velenoso appartenente alla famiglia dei viperidi, diffuso in sud Italia e riconosciuta attualmente una delle sottospecie della Vipera comune (Vipera aspis). aspis , V. atra ,andV. Vipera aspis hugyi is a venomous viper subspecies[4] endemic to southern Italy. It lives in southern Italy and precisely in Apulia, Basilicata, southern Campania, Calabria and Sicily. (1999) and ITIS. Old engraved illustration of an European Viper is a venomous viper species found in southwestern Europe. Thus, he suggested that Vipera aspis may indeed represent a species complex ( sensu Hermann et al., 1999) including Vipera aspis , V. atra Meisner 1820, V. hugyi Schinz 1833 and V. zinnikeri Kramer 1958. Vipera aspis. Vipera aspis hugyi: is the only subspecies of Vipera aspis present exclusively on the Italian territory. Vipera aspis hugyi: il colore di fondo è bianco-grigio, con uno zig-zag arancione lungo tutto il dorso. For what the various subspecies dorsal pattern is concerned, in Vipera aspis aspis it is often composed by two rows of transversal bars alternated in respect to the median axis of the body; in Vipera aspis atra the ornamentation is extremely variable, as it may reproduce that of Vipera aspis aspis, but may also be represented by aligned dark bars, often merged to create a wavy line running along the back; in Vipera aspis francisciredi the dorsal patterns are formed by tiny bars, tiny triangles or spots. vulgaris — FLEMING 1822: 295 Aspis ocellata — FITZINGER 1826: 62 The diet of the common asp viper is formed by micromammals, saurians, amphibians and birds. Vipera aspis hugyi isi devoreaza prada. In this regard is still object of discussion the question, whether the presence of this subspecies is limited to the zone going from the west of Navarre up to the east of Andorra, relegating the nominal form of Vipera aspis in the rest of the Spanish area of Vipera aspis, or if Vipera aspis zinnikeri is the only subspecies present on the Spanish territory. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. The systematics of Vipera aspis is quite complex and the present subdivision in the various subspecies, as well as the apportionment in the areas where they are distributed, is still today matter of discussion among the researchers. [5],, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 April 2020, at 02:52. Vipera aspis atra: il colore di fondo è grigio con uno zig … form. Vernacular names Previously, this population was assigned to the subspecies Vipera aspis montecristi Mertens, 1956. Amphibia-Reptilia 20 (1): 25–34 Kery, M. 2002. Its common names include asp, asp viper, European asp, and aspic viper, among others. The mattings take place especially in spring, but it is not rare to observe these vipers engaged in courting rituals and coupling also by late summer. : Áspis), significa "víbora víbora".Existem cinco subespécies que são reconhecidas atualmente. Atheris, Bush vipers . Three subspecies are present in Italy: Vipera aspis atra Meisner, 1820; Vipera aspis francisciredi Laurenti, 1768; Vipera aspis hugyi Schinz, 1833. Aspis Xanthi F.C. Vipera aspis hugyi is a venomous viper subspecies found only in Italy. Vipera aspis is a venomous viper species found in southwestern Europe. It was believed that Vipera aspis was extinct in Germany, nevertheless, its presence there has been proved also thanks to the personal observations of one of the authors (Meier). Bites from this species can be more severe than from the European adder, V. berus; not only can they be very painful, but also about 4% of all untreated bites are fatal. The habitats vary depending on the subspecies and the structure of the territory, but basically is possible to affirm that the ideal habitat is formed by stony grounds, landslides, avalanche corridors, margins of woods, shrubby areas, mountain and sub-mountain pastures, dry stone walls. aspis  F. Boie, 1827: 558; Berus Vulgaris Gray, 1831: 82; Vipera aspis var. Gold bronze iris and vertical pupil © Giuseppe Mazza. Origins aspis (Linnæus, 1758), Vipera aspis atra and evolution of the South American pitviper Meisner, 1820, Vipera aspis francisciredi fauna: evidence from mitochondrial DNA Laurenti, 1768, Vipera aspis hugyi Schinz, 1833 analysis. Term that in turn comes from the Greek “aspís, aspídos”. rufa  Bonaparte, 1834: plate 3d fig 1; Vipera aspis var. Inferring the absence of a species - A case study of snakes. di Vipera aspis (V. a. aspis / V. a. francisciredi e V. a. francisciredi / V. a. hugyi) è presente una fascia di introgressione più o meno ampia in cui si possono osservare fenotipi di una o dell'altra ssp. Zuffi MAL (2002) Acritique of the systematic position of the asp viper subspecies Vipera aspis aspis (Linnaeus 1758), Vipera aspis atra Meisner, 1820, Vipera aspis francisciredi Laurenti, 1768, Vipera aspis hugyi Schinz, 1833 and Vipera aspis zinnkeri Kramer, 1958. From the taxonomic point of view, some researcher have questioned the validity of the subspecies Vipera aspis atra, subspecies closely linked to the alpine mountain habitats. Gargano nigra Bonaparte, 1834 Vipera aspis var. Coluber Aspis Linnaeus, 1758: 218; Vipera Francisci Redi Laurenti, 1768; Coluber Charasii Shaw, 1802: 379 (fide Bruno, 1985); C [hersea]. Out of Italy besides the nominal subspecies is recognized also Vipera aspis zinnikeri Kramer, 1958 present in the French and Spanish eastern Pyrenees. It can be 80 cm long. fusca  Bonaparte, 1834 : plate 3 fig 2; Vipera aspis  var. Vipera aspis hugyi from 92026 Favara AG, Italia on May 18, 2017 at 01:15 PM by Daniel Iversen. Crotalul de desert este cel mai mare sarpe cu clopotei. Le altre tre specie, quali il bellissimo Colubro leopardino (Zamenis situla), il Colubro liscio (Coronella austriaca) e la Vipera del Meridione (Vipera aspis hugyi) sono decisamente le … hugy, with such col-oration, there is only one report (Di Nicola & Vipera aspis zinnikeri : is the only subspecies, together with the nominal, absent in Italy, as it lives in North-East Spain and in the French Pyrenees. The generic name Vipera comes from the contraction of the term viviparous, from the Latin “vivus” (alive) and “parere, pario” (to deliver, to generate); hence to give birth to young already perfectly formed and efficient; the specific name aspis from the Latin female substantive “aspis, aspidis” that means venomous snake. Vipera aspis hugyi: Aspis jaspidana: Aspis Island: Greek destroyer Aspis (1907) Aspis (Menander) Vipera aspis atra: Vipera aspis francisciredi: Laura Aspis Prize: Aspy Bay: Aspy River: Aspy Fault: Aspies For Freedom: Aspy Adajania: Aspy Engineer: A.P.S. In Insula Monte Cristo, in Calabria si Sicilia traieste Vipera aspis hugyi. Saint Girons, H. (1978). Unfortunately, many of these ecosystems are likely to be destroyed, thus jeopardizing the survival of this species. Amphibia-Reptilia 20: 313–318; IUCN: Vipera aspis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Least Concern) Vipera aspis at the New Reptile Database. These animals taking advantage from the strong presence of migratory birds transiting in the island, have developed a particular skill in climbing small shrubs and hunting the birds that there find shelter. ★ aspis: Add an external link to your content for free. Este raspandit in sud-vestul SUA si nord-vestul Mexicului si are denumirea stiintifica de Crotalus cerastes. The frequency of reproduction of the asp viper (Vipera aspis, Viperidae) was studied in a population living along the coasts of central Italy.An annual reproductive cycle seemed to be the rule during the 5-year study period. The head is basically triangular and is covered by small scales. URI: Definition: a characteristic of a species, meaning that it has distinct male and female individual organisms. © MONACO NATURE ENCYCLOPEDIA | All rights reserved. Vipera aspis hugyi SCHINZ 1833 Vipera aspis zinnikeri KRAMER 1958 : Common Names: E: Asp Viper G: Aspisviper : Synonym: Coluber Aspis LINNAEUS 1758: 218 Vipera Francisci Redi LAURENTI 1768 Coluber Charasii SHAW 1802: 379 (fide BRUNO 1985) C[hersea]. [7] Previously, several other common names were used to describe a subspecies that is now part of the synonymy of this form, the Monte Cristo viper[2] or Monte Cristo asp viper[3] for Vipera aspis montecristi. The species is also known as the Southern Italian asp,[2] the South-Italian asp viper,[3] or Hugy's viper. A revolution in francisciredi Laurenti, 1768, Vipera aspis hugyi Schinz, morphometrics.Trends in Ecology and Evolution 8,129- 1833 and Vipera aspis zinnikeri Kramer, 1958. t32. A different interpretation refers to the term “aspís” meaning shield, referring to the anatomical conformation of the head. A taxonomic revision was also carried out using immunological data by Pozio (1980), who showed that electrophoretic patterns of Vipera aspis is a serpent with a fairly robust body, that, when adult, may reach dimensions varying from 50 to 80 cm. A particular mode of feeding has been observed in the male specimens of Vipera aspis hugyi, that live in Montecristo Island. Especially southern Asp Viper (Vipera aspis hugyi), Italian Aesculapian Snake (Zamenis lineatus) and Italian Yellow-bellied Toad will be the goals of a future visit. However, the specimens belonging to the populations of this invalidated subspecies, are in any case considered as ecotypes of the nominal form, justifying the great variability of the livery, element that differentiates it from the nominal subspecies, as an adaptation intended to optimize its possibilities of survival in the unfavourable environments in which it lives. Schuett, G.W., and Vipera aspis … It lives in southern Italy and precisely in Apulia, Basilicata, southern Campania, Calabria and Sicily. E' l'unico serpente velenoso presente in Sicilia: Di carattere molto tranquillo, attacca solo se molestato in modo diretto. The Vipera aspis is present in various West European nations © Giuseppe Mazza. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. *Nelle zone di contatto tra due sspp. Vintage engraving. Amphibia-Reptilia 23(2):191–213 (Leida) Google Scholar Crotalul de desert prefera sa manance mici rozatoare si soparle. New publication (short note) Vipera aspis is a species with high chromatic variability (also and especially on a subspecific level). ★ Vipera aspis hugyi. Vipera aspis : Siberian-European-Mediterranean chorotype. Vipera aspis has a period of activity going from late February to late October, although if in some coastal zones having mild temperatures also during the winter time, we may observe individuals of this species active all over the year. A small population of this subspecies is present on the Montecristo Island, but it is due to an introduction done by the man occurred in old times. Vipera aspis atra : its range goes from eastern France to central-southern Switzerland, up to northern Italy (Liguria, Piedmont and Aosta Valley). To get information about the venom of the European vipers, their relationship with the man and what to do in case of bite, please read the page concerning the Vipera berus. Vipera Aspis,or European Viper, Asp, Asp viper, European asp, Aspic viper. Specimens from Montecristo island, sometimes referred to as V. A. Montecristo, similar, but with a reduction in the tendency for marking the back to fuse. hugyi . [5], Usually, it is marked with a fused zigzag stripe and has a distinctly raised snout. ed anche fenotipi "misti" No need to register, buy now! It is found in Italy in Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria, Sicily and Montecristo Island. Vipera aspis francisciredi: il colore di fondo è grigio-beige-avano e il disegno sul dorso è composto da barrette grigie-blu. The kids, if no young lizards are available, may also eat invertebrates © Giuseppe Mazza. Více informací naleznete v našem slovníku. In: Biology of Vipers. Atheris acuminata; Atheris anisolepis; Atheris barbouri, Uzungwe mountain bush viper; Atheris broadleyi Vipera aspis (Linnaeus, 1758), mainly. It essentially lives on the Alps. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. rubriventris   Bonaparte, 1834: plate 4 fig 3; Vipera aspis var. The matings occur mainly in spring and the female, ovoviparous, delivers 6-12 kids of 12-22 cm © G. Mazza. Specimens from Montecristo Island, sometimes referred to as V. a. montecristi, are similar, but with a reduced tendency for the dorsal markings to fuse.[6]. It is not impossible that the young of Vipera aspis can feed of invertebrates, even if their diet appears to foresee mainly small saurians. Genetic analyses have proved that this subspecies does not differ from the nominal form, with which is considered at the moment by many as in synonymy.